The department is the second level of administrative divisions on the map of France. This division into departments is between the region and the district ("arrondissement").
Each department belongs to a single region. (Each of four overseas region being composed of a single department).
France is divided into 101 departments. They are divided into 343 districts ("arrondissements"), 4 058 townships ("cantons") and 36 699 Towns ("communes").
Each department has a capital city or prefecture which includes its institutions. This capital is often the largest city of the department.
According to figures (in 1999), the median population of a department of continental France was 511 012 inhabitants.
The skills of the department are:
- Social Action
- Restructure rural land
- Maintenance of colleges
- School and transport
The removal of one or more local levels is being debated in France for several years and especially the option to remove department level.
For now, the Balladur committee dealing with the reform of local government did not adopt this proposal, so there is currently no change at the departmental level.
At right, you will find the map of French departments.
Clicking on a department link, You will find a detailed map of the department and statistical informations, photos, travel guide for all cities of this department.
Map of France - Department MAP OF FRANCE DEPARTEMENT
The region is the first level of administrative divisions on the map of France.
Before the French Revolution of 1789, France was divided into provinces from the historical feudal history. Some of these regions roughly correspond to the current regions.
During the revolution these provinces were abolished and the French territory was divided into 83 departments.
On 5 April 1919, the first ministerial decree establishes the first regional grouping called "regions Clémentel".
From the First World War, the development of transport, urban, building regionalist ideas, leading some to question the desirability of creating larger administrative divisions than departments.
Skills in the region include:
- Territory development
- Economic development
- Vocational training
- Maintenance of schools
- Rail transport
The first election of Regional Councillors by universal suffrage was in March 16, 1986. Regions became officialy french divisions as departments and municipalities.
France is divided into 27 regions, which in turn are divided into 101 departments, 343 districts ("arrondissements"), 4 058 townships ("cantons") and 36 699 Towns ("communes").
At right, you could find the map of France regions. Clicking on a region link, you will find a detailed map of the region and statistical informations, photos, travel guide for all cities of this region.
Here are the 100 largest cities of France (population 2006). We do not count here the concept of urban area but the municipal population.
Click on the city name to see all this information: pictures, maps, population, population density, area, elevation, geographic coordinates, ...
In 2010, the population of France was estimated at 65 447 374 inhabitants. On 1 January 2009, the population of France was estimated at 65 073 482 inhabitants, distributed as follows:
- 62 448 977 in metropolitan France
- 1 854 505 in the overseas departments (DOM without St. Martin and St. Barthelemy)
- 770 000 in overseas communities (COM, including St. Martin and St. Barthelemy)
The population is increasing by 366 500 people by 2008.
Northern France is the most populated with about 40 million people (or 2 / 3 of the population) against approximately 22.5 million in the South (or 1 / 3 of the population) (metropolitan France only).
Within the European Union (EU) demography of France stands out for the life expectancy of women (84.23 years 2008 estimate) which is the highest in Europe and a fertility rate (2.02 in 2008) the highest in Europe.
At right, you could find the map of France's largest cities. By browsing the site you can view a map of France, statistics, informations, photos and travel guide for each town of France.
You will find here (clicking on this map at right), the map of population density of France, the map of cities of France and finally the detailed classification of the 5 main areas French: Paris, Lyon, Marseille, Lille, Toulouse
Administrative divisions : France is divided into 27 regions, 101 departments, 343 districts (arrondissements), 4 058 townships (cantons) and 36 699 Towns (communes).
Population of France : In 2010, the population of France was estimated at 65 447 374 inhabitants.
Largest cities of France : The 5 largest cities of France are (municipal population in 2006) :
Largest urban areas of France : The 5 largest urban areas of France are (population of urban areas in 2006) :
The mountains on the map of France : The 5 major mountains of France are the Alpes, the Pyrénnées, the Massif Central, the Jura, the Vosges
The seas on the map of France : The 4 seas around France are: the North Sea, the English Channel, the Atlantic Ocean, the mediterranean sea
The rivers on the map of France : The 5 main rivers of France are: the Seine, the Loire, the Garonne, the Rhone, the Rhine
The highest mountain in France : The highest point on the map of France is the Mont Blanc in the Alpes, peaking at 4 810.45 m.